On the development of China's paper industry from

2022-08-18
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Looking at the development of China's paper industry from the perspective of trade barriers (Part I)

US President Barack Obama signed the US House of Representatives and Senate on the 17th, and successively passed a 787billion US dollar economic stimulus package under natural conditions. The rescue plan includes the purchase of domestic goods clause: all steel used in projects and buildings under the government's economic stimulus plan must be domestically produced American goods

this plan only involves the steel industry and seems to have nothing to do with the paper industry. However, under the general situation of global economic integration, the United States, as China's largest trading country, this policy has a potential impact on China's paper industry

steel, oil and paper have been among the top three bulk commodities in China's import and export trade in recent years. In particular, the paper industry has been rising since 2000. Domestic production and consumption have more than doubled from more than 30 million tons in 2000 to more than 70 million tons at present. The prosperity of the industry has driven the development of the industry. China has also changed from a pure importer of paper and paper products to a large country of paper production and consumption

according to the 2007 annual report of China's paper industry issued by the China Paper Association, which prohibits the use of 380V exchange fabric, China imported 35.21 million tons of paper and paperboard, pulp, waste paper and paper products in 2007, an increase of 9.48% over the previous year; The export of paper and paperboard, pulp, waste paper and paper products totaled 6.2821 million tons, an increase of 27.82% over the previous year. Among them, the export of paper and paperboard was 4.61 million tons, the largest in history, an increase of 35.19% over the previous year. The overall characteristics of China's paper and paperboard import and export trade in 2007 are that the import volume decreased, the export trade increased, and the international competitiveness of products improved

with the rapid growth of China's paper industry, enterprises can not only understand the latest trends of the industry, but also the opportunity of the international market. The financial crisis came unexpectedly. In response to this crisis, all countries have launched a market rescue. Different from the industrial revitalization adopted by our government, the U.S. government has adopted trade protection. In the world economic and trade system, we have always been the country with the largest processing of low value-added products. With the development of national economy and the improvement of independent innovation of enterprises, we have also begun to make market breakthroughs in high value-added products in major industries, but at the same time, developed countries in Europe and the United States have adopted trade barriers to restrict us

take coated paper as an example: China's coated paper market was monopolized by imported coated paper before 1999, and its unit price per ton was about 10000 yuan, up to 14000 yuan. Although domestic coated paper enterprises have successively put projects into operation since 1996, their competitiveness is not strong and their market share is not high. It was not until app Jiangsu Jindong paper and other modern large coated paper enterprises were put into operation in 1999 that the monopoly and dominance of foreign products on the Chinese market was truly broken

in 2006, China's coated paper enterprises made efforts to develop for several consecutive years, and the output of coated paper increased at an annual rate of more than 10%, reaching about 3.8 million tons, bringing the domestic coated paper price down and stable at the level of 7000 yuan/ton. At the same time, the enterprises explore the international market, and China's high-end paper products go abroad, with an export volume of about 850000 tons. However, in the same year, the United States began to impose anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties on coated paper produced in China, preventing Chinese paper enterprises from impacting the high-end market of international paper products

in June, 2008, the newly passed amendment to the Reis act in the United States added the content of combating illegal logging of timber and related trade. The rice act has become a new trade protection measure established by the United States. The third stage of the amendment will be implemented from July 1, 2009, and the products involved will be extended to wood pulp, paper and paper products. This has a direct impact on the export trade of China's pulp and paper products and raised the threshold for domestic paper enterprises to explore the U.S. market

in addition to trade protection barriers, sustainable environmental certification is also an important way. International non-governmental organizations or certification bodies have formulated environmental terms for market access and sustainable certification standards based on the mature development model of European and American enterprises, thereby increasing the cost of Chinese enterprises to enter the high-end market. For European and American pulp and paper enterprises that have entered a period of stable development and Chinese paper enterprises that are in the initial stage, the transfer of this plastic substrate to the second slightly larger mold cavity is a completely different constraint

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