On the current situation of grain logistics packag

2022-08-11
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Talking about the current situation of grain logistics packaging (Part 1)

China's "it will benefit from the technical and engineering synergy within Volvo cars and the resulting significant economies of scope" national standard (GB) clearly defines packaging: "The so-called packaging refers to the general name of containers, materials and auxiliary materials used according to certain technical methods to protect products, facilitate storage and promote sales in the process of circulation." Packaging is usually divided into two categories: one is for the purpose of promoting market sales, which is called commercial packaging, and the other is for the purpose of convenient loading, unloading, storage, storage and transportation, which is called industrial packaging. Grain packaging mostly belongs to industrial packaging, and its main function is to protect goods and facilitate circulation. This article only talks about some superficial views on the current situation and Countermeasures of grain packaging in China's grain logistics

China's traditional grain packaging

during the planned economy period, due to the shortage of grain, the demand for grain production exceeded the demand. The CPC Central Committee and the State Council implemented the policy of unified purchase and marketing, and the production, purchase, transportation, storage and sales of grain were under the centralized and unified management of the central government. Before the grain operation and price liberalization in 1993, the grain was packed with hemp and cotton products of the same color, and the oil was packed in iron barrels. In 1984 and 1987, the state specially formulated strict standards for grain packaging - closed steel barrels, gunny bags and flour bags. The Ministry of Commerce carried out strict unified management on the transportation, allocation, packaging and other links in the process of grain circulation, and also formulated corresponding management measures for grain and oil transportation and grain packaging. In the era of planned economy, grain and oil packaging played an important role in the process of grain circulation, and a series of systems have also been well implemented, which greatly reduced the loss of grain caused by packaging problems

the current situation of grain logistics packaging in China

1. the government supervision is insufficient, and the grain packaging market is chaotic. With the opening of the grain circulation market and the gradual establishment of the socialist market economic system, the pattern of providing customers with high-quality products and innovative solutions for hemp and cotton products with unified grain packaging has been broken, and plastic woven bags have been replaced. Moreover, there are no unified standards for the quality, specification, color and sealing of woven bags. The quality is uneven, the size is different, the color is different, and the sealing is extremely irregular, It brings great difficulties to grain transportation and storage. The national grain authority can no longer supervise the whole grain packaging market, but can only monitor the packaging status of national and local grain reserves at most. The rest of the grain circulating in the market can be said to be in an unregulated state. The industry management cannot be in place in time, the standardized market management system is not perfect, and the original national standards cannot be well implemented, resulting in chaos in the whole grain packaging market

2. The packaging materials and production technology are not standardized, and the grain consumption is amazing. For a long time, affected by market factors, some large state-owned enterprises producing gunny bags have been gradually shut down, suspended, merged and transferred, and withdrawn from the grain circulation market. What came into being was that some small and medium-sized private enterprises produced plastic woven bags to occupy the grain packaging market. However, due to the lack of supervision on materials and production technology, the quality could not be guaranteed, coupled with the uneven sealing of grain packaging, during the transportation of grain from the production area to the sales area, the woven bags were much broken, and the grain was seriously leaked. At the same time, it caused great difficulties for unloading, loading, stacking and other operations, affecting work efficiency, There are certain hidden dangers for production safety. The most serious is that the losses caused by poor packaging during the storage, transportation and sales of grain are very amazing, causing serious economic losses to enterprises. According to relevant information: in some places of China, due to poor packaging, the rate of grain breaking and leakage was as high as 48.6%, with an average rate of about 5%, which greatly exceeded the national standard of 2.5%

3. lack of grain packaging laws, regulations and standards that coordinate with foreign packaging laws and regulations. With China's accession to the WTO, the grain market has gradually been in line with international standards. There is a need for corresponding industry standards on a series of issues such as grain packaging. Developed countries have already implemented standards to regulate the operation of the market. Although the Ministry of Commerce formulated some grain packaging standards and relevant management measures in 1984 and 1987, it is difficult to meet the needs of the current domestic and foreign grain packaging development. At present, the plastic woven bags widely used in the grain market have not formulated a unified standard for grain packaging. Packaging legislation lags far behind countries with relatively developed packaging industry, as well as Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries

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